Spec. baneriai kairėje pusėje

VET Optimisation

Pilot Project No. LT/01/B/F/PP-137 011 Optimisation Of Vet Programmes For Employability Enhancement

The need for the optimisation of VET programmes is the result of the changing demands of the labour market, internationalisation of companies and technological innovations. The existing structures of VET programmes and vocations have become too rigid, which creates obstacles for employability. The project focuses on the mechanics sector, which has lost its popularity and experiences problems of unemployment.

The aim of the project is to optimise the group of automechanics sector occupations and to develop a new curriculum meeting the challenges of technological innovations and the labour market. The aim of the project would be achieved by meeting the following objectives:

  •  analysis of qualification needs in auto-mechanics sector;
  •  analysis of the VET programmes in the selected pilot school in the partners’ countries;
  •  development of handbook on methodology for optimisation of VET programmes.
  •  development of a modular curriculum meeting the requirements of auto-mechanic sector;
  •  testing of two modules of the new curriculum;

The project for the optimisation of VET programmes is directly related to VET schools and young people in initial vocational training, and employers, particularly from small and medium sized companies.

The project will result in two products:

  •  a new curriculum for auto-mechanics; a tutor’s book for two modules of this curriculum would be published;
  •  a handbook on methodology for the optimisation of VET programmes, which could be further on used for the optimisation of other sectors.

The contractor and co-ordinator of the project will be the Lithuanian organisation – Kaunas Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Crafts (LT). The project management and monitoring will be the task for the co-ordinator and the Management group composed of representatives of the partners’ organisations.

The project will be carried out by six organisations: all the partners of the project have the necessary experience in project management and are competent institutions in VET. University of Bremen and their local partner – University of Flensburg (D), and Vytautas Magnus University have good experience in research and analysis of VET system, development of VET programmes, and standards. Tampere College (FIN) and Marijampole VET Centre (LT) have programmes in mechanics and will be very important in the process of optimisation. Kaunas Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Crafts will be responsible for the identification of qualification needs in mechanic sector.

The project will last for two years and its mission as well as outcomes will be disseminated among VET schools, VET organisations, SMEs and VET departments at higher schools through the network of the partners’ organisations, through various information channels (the Internet page, publications) as well as workshops and a final conference at the end of the project.

Lina Kaminskienė, Project co-ordinator

The Project Partners

i­ve for­mal and one in­for­mal part­ner will im­ple­ment the pi­lot pro­ject. They are Kau­nas Cham­ber of Com­mer­ce, In­dust­ry and Crafts, Vy­tau­tas Mag­nus Uni­ver­si­ty Cen­tre for Vo­ca­tio­nal Edu­ca­tion and Re­se­arch, Ma­ri­jam­po­lė VET Cen­tre, Tam­pe­re Col­le­ge, Bre­men Uni­ver­si­ty and their lo­cal part­ners – Flens­burg Uni­ver­si­ty.

The par­ti­ci­pa­ting or­ga­ni­sa­tions are not new­co­mers in pro­jects ac­ti­vi­ties. The Ger­man part­ners have long ex­pe­rien­ce in vo­ca­tio­nal trai­ning, in­no­va­tion and in­ter­na­tio­nal net­work pro­jects. Flens­burg uni­ver­si­ty par­ti­cu­lar­ly streng­thens the con­tent, or pro­fes­sio­nal, si­de of the pro­ject be­cau­se in the tar­get sec­tor they ma­ke scien­ti­fic re­se­arch, ac­ti­ve­ly con­sult and co-ope­ra­te with scho­ols and com­pa­nies in­vol­ved in the trai­ning of au­to­me­cha­nics.

Tam­pe­re Col­le­ge is a trai­ning ins­ti­tu­tion ow­ned by the lo­cal mu­ni­ci­pa­li­ty and ac­ting in the re­gion of Tam­pe­re. Res­pon­ding to the ne­eds of the re­gion, the col­le­ge provides vo­ca­tio­nal edu­ca­tion and trai­ning in se­ve­ral vo­ca­tio­nal are­as: me­tal en­gi­ne­e­ring, tex­ti­le, inc­lu­ding fo­ot­we­ar, hair­dres­sing, avio­nics, grap­hic art tech­no­lo­gy, elec­tri­cal en­gi­ne­e­ring and ot­her. The col­le­ge was for­med of fi­ve se­pa­ra­te vo­ca­tio­nal scho­ols (they are cal­led ins­ti­tu­tes now). In­ter­na­tio­nal co-ope­ra­tion is one of the stron­gest points of Tam­pe­re Col­le­ge. In this Le­o­nar­do pro­ject the col­le­ge is dis­tin­guis­hed by its ac­ti­ve and in­no­va­ti­ve ap­pro­ach, try­ing to co­or­di­na­te both the tasks of the pro­ject and the developmental ne­eds of their own or­ga­ni­sa­tion.

Part­ners from Vy­tau­tas Mag­nus Uni­ver­si­ty Cen­tre for Vo­ca­tio­nal Edu­ca­tion and Re­se­arch from the ve­ry start of the pro­ject ha­ve be­co­me ac­ti­ve and provide va­lu­ab­le pro­po­sals and com­ments. The me­rits of these partners are well known in Lit­hu­a­nia. Due to the in­ten­si­ve in­ter­na­tio­nal co-ope­ra­tion the cen­tre has de­ve­lo­ped an ex­ten­si­ve part­ners­hip net­work. In the pro­ject the uni­ver­si­ty is in­vol­ved as a part­ner and as a con­sul­tant, who streng­thens a met­ho­do­lo­gi­cal basis of the pro­ject and helps to main­tain a go­od ba­lan­ce bet­we­en the re­a­li­ty of Lit­hu­a­nian au­to­me­cha­nics sec­tor and the ten­den­cies in the EU.

Ma­ri­jam­po­lė Vo­ca­tio­nal Trai­ning Cen­tre joined the pro­ject having a cle­ar vi­sion to im­pro­ve and up­da­te the exis­ting au­to­me­cha­nics cur­ri­cu­lum so that the cen­tre could prepare the sa­me le­vel spe­cia­lists as they are pre­pa­red in Fin­land or Ger­ma­ny. The scho­ol ha­s al­re­a­dy pro­ved to be trust­wort­hy and res­pon­sib­le part­ner.

Kau­nas Cham­ber of Com­mer­ce, In­dust­ry and Crafts is the co-or­di­na­tor of the pro­ject. The Cham­ber is the on­ly or­ga­ni­sa­tion rep­re­sen­ting em­plo­y­er interests in the pro­ject, res­pon­sib­le for the ge­ne­ral ma­na­ge­ment and ad­mi­nist­ra­tion of the pro­ject and en­su­ring a re­gu­lar con­tacts with the bu­si­ness world rep­re­sen­ta­ti­ves.

Prepared by: Aušra Misionytė, Aistė Račkauskaitė, Danguolė Šidlauskienė, Kaunas Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Crafts

Pro­ject part­ners con­duc­ted the re­se­arch on au­to-me­cha­nics sec­tor in their coun­tries

The re­se­arch in au­to-me­cha­nics sec­tor in Lit­hu­a­nia was con­duc­ted by the doctoral students Vidmantas Tutlys of the Cen­tre for Vo­ca­tio­nal Edu­ca­tion and Re­se­arch at Vy­tau­tas Mag­nus Uni­ver­si­ty. The fol­lo­wing fin­dings of this re­se­arch can be outlined:

  •  The au­to-me­cha­nics sec­tor in Lit­hu­a­nia con­sists main­ly of the mo­tor ve­hic­le re­pair and sa­les com­pa­nies. The mo­tor ve­hic­le pro­duc­tion is not de­ve­lo­ped in Lit­hu­a­nia and the­re are on­ly a few pro­duc­tion com­pa­nies most­ly in­vol­ved in the pro­duc­tion of the ag­gre­ga­tes and parts of ve­hic­les.
  •  The big­gest mar­ket sha­re in the mo­tor ve­hic­le re­pairs is oc­cu­pied by the small and me­dium en­ter­pri­ses.
  •  The analysis of the struc­tu­re of the cus­to­mers shows that a the majority are the ow­ners and re­sel­lers of se­cond hand cars.
  •  The most im­por­tant spe­cia­li­za­tions in the mo­tor ve­hic­le re­pair sec­tor ac­cor­ding to the num­ber of com­pa­nies in­vol­ved are chas­sis re­pair, mo­tor re­pair and bo­dy­work.
  •  Des­pi­te the slow­n growth of the em­plo­y­ment in the mo­tor ve­hic­le re­pair ac­ti­vi­ties, it still ma­kes a ve­ry small part of the to­tal em­plo­y­ed po­pu­la­tion of Lit­hu­a­nia (1,2 % - 1,6%).

The results of analysis are shows in the picture 1.

The ana­ly­sis of the au­to-me­cha­nics sec­tor in Ger­ma­ny was pre­sen­ted by Mat­thias Bec­ker rep­re­sen­ting Flens­burg Uni­ver­si­ty. This re­se­arch de­monst­ra­tes that in Ger­ma­ny mo­tor ve­hic­le pro­duc­tion ex­ce­eds ve­hic­le re­pair and main­te­nan­ce ser­vi­ces both by the em­plo­y­ment and by the pro­duc­tion tur­no­ver. The­re­fo­re, in the struc­tu­re of the mo­tor ve­hic­le re­pair and main­te­nan­ce ser­vi­ce sec­tor the num­ber of the in­de­pen­dent car works­hops is al­most the sa­me as the num­ber of fran­chi­sed de­a­lers: the­re we­re 23350 in­de­pen­dent car works­hops and 23650 fran­chi­sed de­a­lers in 2000 (1). The small en­ter­pri­ses with 1 – 4 em­plo­y­e­es ma­ke the big­gest group of the car re­pair works­hops. Car re­pair works­hops to­get­her with the mo­tor ve­hic­le pro­du­cers, au­to­mo­bi­le aca­de­mies, the guilds, cham­bers of han­dic­rafts and ot­her part­ners par­ti­ci­pa­te in vo­ca­tio­nal trai­ning of au­to-me­cha­nics spe­cia­lists, es­pe­cial­ly in the field of prac­ti­cal trai­ning.

The ana­ly­sis of the au­to-me­cha­nics sec­tor in Fin­land was pre­sen­ted by Mar­jut Sal­mi­nen. The pre­sen­ted in­for­ma­tion de­monst­ra­tes that the au­to-me­cha­nics sec­tor of Fin­land, ac­cor­ding to its fields of ac­ti­vi­ties, en­com­passes the pro­du­cers and ser­vi­ce pro­vi­ders in the field of re­pair of cars, trucks, bus­ses, ag­ri­cul­tu­ral and fo­rest­ry ma­chi­nes. The­re­fo­re, the vo­ca­tio­nal trai­ning of the au­to-me­cha­nics is orien­ted to the fields of the mo­tor-ve­hic­le tech­no­lo­gy, ma­chi­ne­ry and me­tal tech­no­lo­gy and the ma­nu­fac­tu­ring.

The ana­ly­sis of the au­to-me­cha­nics sec­tor in Lit­hu­a­nia, Ger­ma­ny and Fin­land de­monst­ra­ted rat­her dif­fe­rent pro­fi­les of the au­to-me­cha­nics in all the­se coun­tries. The most si­mi­lar and com­mon traits in the au­to-me­cha­nics sec­tor of all the con­cer­ned coun­tries can be found in the car re­pair and main­te­nan­ce ser­vi­ces.

Georg Spöttl, Matthias Bekerr, Universität Flensburg

Analysis Of Vet Curriculum For Auto-Mechanics

The Cen­tre for Vo­ca­tio­nal Edu­ca­tion and Re­se­arch of Vy­tau­tas Mag­nus Uni­ver­si­ty performed the com­pa­ra­ti­ve ana­ly­sis of the vo­ca­tio­nal trai­ning stan­dards and cur­ri­cu­la of the au­to-me­cha­nics in Lit­hu­a­nia, Ger­ma­ny and Fin­land. The in­for­ma­tion for this re­se­arch was pro­vi­ded by all the pro­ject part­ners. The re­se­arch com­pa­red vo­ca­tio­nal trai­ning cur­ri­cu­la and stan­dards of the 3rd  vo­ca­tio­nal edu­ca­tion le­vel. The fol­lo­wing pa­ra­me­ters of the VET cur­ri­cu­la were com­pa­red: programme tit­les, pro­vi­ded qu­a­li­fi­ca­tion, du­ra­tion of the trai­ning, en­tran­ce re­qui­re­ments, fo­re­se­en spe­cia­li­za­tions, the sha­re of the the­o­re­ti­cal and prac­ti­cal trai­ning ti­me, pro­vi­ded com­pe­ten­ce.

The com­pa­ra­ti­ve ana­ly­sis de­monst­ra­ted that, ac­cor­ding to the most of the­se pa­ra­me­ters, the ana­ly­sed VET stan­dards and cur­ri­cu­la of Lit­hu­a­nia, Ger­ma­ny and Fin­land are si­mi­lar.

The VET cur­ri­cu­lum of au­to-me­cha­nics in Ger­ma­ny com­pa­red to VET curricula in Lithuania and Finland pro­vi­des mo­re com­pre­hen­si­ve and struc­tu­red desc­rip­tions of the com­pe­ten­ces of mo­tor-ve­hic­le me­cha­nics. The­se desc­rip­tions of the com­pe­ten­ces in the au­to-me­cha­nics VET stan­dard of Ger­ma­ny are mo­re clo­se­ly re­la­ted to the tech­no­lo­gi­cal pro­cess of the ve­hic­le re­pair, more attention is paid to the ac­qui­si­tion of the com­pe­ten­ces re­la­ted to the work pro­cess plan­ning, qu­a­li­ty ma­na­ge­ment and con­trol, en­vi­ron­ment pro­tec­tion and ef­fec­ti­ve use of ma­te­rial re­sour­ces, la­bour le­gis­la­tion and col­lec­ti­ve negotiations with employers.

The ge­ne­ral com­pe­ten­ce in the VET stan­dard and cur­ri­cu­lum of the au­to-me­cha­nics in Lit­hu­a­nia is not dis­cer­ned into a se­pa­ra­te group, as it is ma­de in the cur­ri­cu­la of the au­to-me­cha­nics in Ger­ma­ny and Fin­land.

The com­pa­ra­ti­ve ana­ly­sis shows that des­pi­te certain dif­fe­ren­ces all in­vol­ved part­ner coun­tries ha­ve enough pos­si­bi­li­ties for the development of the com­mon VET mo­du­les for au­to-me­cha­nics sec­tor, which can be ap­plied in all the­se coun­tries.

Vidmantas Tutlys, Vytautas Magnus University

Module Development – An Innovation In The Training Of Automechanics

Geographically, Marijampolė County is located on the border with Poland near Kalvarijos customs, which is open gates from Eastern to Western markets. Because of this location thousands of automobiles and heavy vehicles cross the county. After the completion of the project VIA BALTICA the traffic will become even more intensive. Today in Marijampolė and the surrounding towns the infrastructure necessary for car repair and technical maintenance has been developed and expanded. The number of other countries cars, going by transit through Lithuania, has also increased. These factors condition the demand for European level automechanics, who are trained in Marijampolės VET centre. We hope that the participation in the international Leonardo da Vinci project “Optimisation of VET programmes for employability enhancement” will help to solve problems related to the training of automechanics.

We are happy to participate in such a matter-of-fact project and we are also proud to be partners with an important public organisation and training institutions, which consider our input necessary and useful in the development and implementation of the automechanics curriculum. The initial input is the analysis of automechanics curriculum of Lithuanian vocational schools as well as the qualification needs analysis among car services owners/employers and employees carried out employing the questionnaire developed by German partners. This analysis helped to identify the demand for knowledge and competence, necessary for a young person, who has chosen automechanics as his/her profession.

In June two representatives from Marijampolė VET Centre had a chance to share experience in the training of automechanics with the German partners and to see the process of training in the DAIMLER-KRAISLER factory training centre. During the second meeting of partners it was decided to develop a modular automechanics curriculum. For the development of modules Marijampolė VET centre has formed a group of teachers under the supervision of the head of the department Romualdas Buckūnas. On the 19-20th of September this group will be consulted by prof. Rimantas Laužackas from Vytautas Magnus University Centre for Vocational Training and Education.

We hope that our graduates trained according to the newly developed curriculum will have more chances to compete and integrate in the labour market as well as to properly represent Marijampolė VET centre in the region and outside its boundaries.

Rimvydas Zygmanta, Marijampolė VET Centre

Some Ideas On The Project By Finnish Partners

At the be­gin­ning of the pro­ject the research in automechanic ser­vice sector was carried out, analysing the pro­blems the com­pa­nies (faced du­ring 2000-2002).

It was found out that part of the­se pro­blems we­re ba­sed on the ve­ry quick tech­ni­cal de­ve­lop­ment in the field of au­to­sec­tor. No­wa­da­ys even in the stan­dard-cars the­re is gui­te a lot me­cat­ro­nic both in mo­tors and sa­fe­ty­ sys­tems.

It was not a sur­pri­se that as the re­sult of the qu­es­tion­na­ires the pro­blems we­re qui­te si­mi­lar in each part­ner­ coun­try. It was found out that in Fin­land the know­led­ge how to sol­ve the­se pro­blems is out of re­ach. It is due to the fact that in­struc­tions of re­pa­ir are in fo­reign lan­gu­a­ges. The know­led­ge of fo­reign lan­gu­a­ges of the me­cha­nic is in­suf­fi­cient .

It has al­so be­en ve­ry in­te­res­ting to le­arn to know edu­ca­tion ­sys­­­te­ms of part­ner­ coun­tries and scho­ols in tar­get coun­tries. Ne­ver-to-be-for­got­ten ex­pe­rien­ce was in Bre­men as the Pro­ject part­ners vi­si­ted the fac­to­ry of DAIMLER-KRAISLER. It was gre­at to see how the edu­ca­tion is or­ga­ni­zed when the fi­nan­ce is co­ming from the pri­va­te sec­tor. An or­di­na­ry te­acher can on­ly dre­am about the kind of equip­ment they have the­re.

The co-ope­ra­tion is go­ing well in the part­ner­te­am and we ha­ve be­en ve­ry ple­a­sed with the In­for­ma­tion gi­ven by Kau­nas Cham­ber of Commerce, Industry and Crafts. Al­so it has be­en ve­ry fruit­ful to ha­ve di­cus­sions with pe­op­le who co­me from va­rio­us se­ctors.

We do wait for the Hand­bo­ok published in this pro­ject and we are su­re it will be of gre­at help in pro­blem­ sol­ving. The ob­jec­ti­ve in the fu­tu­re is to en­han­ce the stu­dents mo­bi­li­ty in dif­fe­rent EU-coun­tries. Al­so the net­work cre­a­ted in this pro­ject is a go­od ba­se for ot­her pos­sib­le pro­jects. The results of pro­ject work in me­tal­ se­ctor will be dis­cus­sed du­ring the pro­ject-me­e­ting in Tam­pe­re.

Reijo Koskela, Marjut Salminen, Tampere College

Research In Automechanics Service Sector

u­ring the pro­ject in all three part­ner coun­tries – Ger­ma­ny, Fin­land and Lit­hu­a­nia – re­se­arch was carried out in au­to me­cha­nic’s qu­a­li­fi­ca­tions . The aim of the re­se­arch was to find out which com­pe­ten­ces of au­to me­cha­nics are the most im­por­tant, which com­pe­ten­ces they lack and what the si­mi­la­ri­ties and dif­fe­ren­ces are in part­ner coun­tries. A com­mon qu­es­tion­nai­re was used to in­ter­view en­ter­pri­ses in all three coun­tries. To­tal­ly 8 en­ter­pri­ses in Fin­land and Ger­ma­ny and 18 – in Lit­hu­a­nia we­re in­ter­vie­wed, se­lec­ted ac­cor­ding to the ty­pe, si­ze and ot­her bu­si­ness cha­rac­te­ris­tics.

In all three part­ner coun­tries au­to me­cha­nics spend most of their wor­king ti­me doing re­pair tasks. In Ger­ma­ny, en­ter­pri­ses devote a big sha­re of their wor­king ti­me for ins­pec­tion and main­te­nan­ce, and, es­pe­cial­ly big en­ter­pri­ses, for diag­no­sis and troub­le sho­o­ting. Lit­hu­a­nian en­ter­pri­ses, es­pe­cial­ly me­dium si­ze, do a lot of bo­dy re­pair tasks.

Du­ring the re­se­arch wor­kers or res­pon­sib­le staff were as­ked to as­sess au­to me­cha­nics com­pe­ten­ces ac­cor­ding to their im­por­tan­ce. Ins­pec­tion and main­te­nan­ce we­re as­ses­sed as the most im­por­tant wor­king tasks of au­to me­cha­nics in Ger­ma­ny. We­ar re­pair of sim­ple ve­hic­le sys­tems, main se­a­so­nal ins­pec­tion, troub­le sho­o­ting, fault fin­ding and re­pair, spe­cial diag­no­sis we­re al­so as­ses­sed as ve­ry im­por­tant wor­king tasks. Ve­hic­le ca­re and ad­mi­nist­ra­ti­ve ser­vi­ce tasks we­re as­ses­sed as com­pe­ten­ces of less im­por­tan­ce.

In Fin­land, even fi­ve com­pe­ten­ces we­re as­ses­sed as ve­ry im­por­tant: ins­pec­tion and main­te­nan­ce, we­ar re­pair of sim­ple ve­hic­le sys­tems, main se­a­so­nal ins­pec­tion, ser­vi­ce tasks, troub­le sho­o­ting, fault fin­ding and re­pair. Less im­por­tant we­re re­pair of ag­gre­ga­tes, ad­mi­nist­ra­ti­ve and ser­vi­ce tasks.

The most im­por­tant wor­king tasks in Lit­hu­a­nia we­re troub­le sho­o­ting, fault fin­ding and re­pair, re­pair of faults, main se­a­so­nal ins­pec­tion. Less im­por­tant we­re stan­dard de­fault and spe­cial ex­ten­sion and sup­ple­men­ta­ry ins­tal­la­tions, ve­hic­le ca­re, ad­mi­nist­ra­ti­ve and ser­vi­ce tasks.

Sum­ma­ri­zing we could state that in all three part­ner coun­tries ins­pec­tion and main­te­nan­ce, troub­le sho­o­ting, fault fin­ding and re­pair, main se­a­so­nal ins­pec­tion are the most im­por­tant wor­king tasks. Whereas ve­hic­le ca­re, ad­mi­nist­ra­ti­ve and ser­vi­ce tasks are considered less im­por­tant wor­king tasks.

Ma­na­gers of ve­hic­le ca­re en­ter­pri­ses as­ser­ted that au­to me­cha­nics lack know­led­ge of mo­dern tech­no­lo­gies (com­pu­ter li­te­ra­cy, know­led­ge of new die­sel tech­no­lo­gies, etc.), fo­reign lan­gu­a­ge and know­led­ge of elec­tro­nics. In Ger­ma­ny, au­to me­cha­nics par­ti­ci­pa­te in trai­nings of tech­no­lo­gy, bu­si­ness ad­mi­nist­ra­tion and IT. In Fin­land the­re are or­ga­ni­zed cour­ses for au­to me­cha­nics of diag­nos­tic, bo­dy re­pair, IT, fo­reign lan­gu­a­ge and etc. In Lit­hu­a­nia, au­to me­cha­nics most­ly par­ti­ci­pa­te in re­pair, bo­dy re­pair and pain­ting, diag­nos­tic and IT trai­nings.

Be­aring in mind the re­sults of au­to me­cha­nic’s qu­a­li­fi­ca­tions re­se­arch (im­por­tan­ce of wor­king tasks, lack of cer­tain com­pe­ten­ces, or­ga­ni­zed trai­nings) and in­di­vi­du­al ne­eds of all three coun­tries, we ha­ve cho­sen a com­mon mo­du­le of Diag­no­sis of chas­sis faults and re­pair. The mo­du­le will be ba­sed on qu­a­li­fi­ca­tion re­se­arch and it will be tested in all three coun­tries.

Aistė Račkauskaitė, Kaunas Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Crafts